Bone Cancer

May 30th, 2011 by admin Leave a reply »

Primary bone cancer is cancer that starts in the (network) of bone. Primary bone cancer is rare. Much more common is cancer that starts in other organs, such as the lungs and later metastasis to bone.

There are 3 main types of primary bone cancer, namely:
• Osteosarkoma: developing cartilage
• Chondrosarkoma: begins in the cartilage of patients
• Ewing’s Sarcoma: begins in nerve tissue found in bone marrow.

Bone cancer is usually treated with surgery. In addition, other options include: amputation, chemotherapy and radiotherapy.

Osteosarcoma usually attacks the boys aged between 10-25 years old and believed to be hereditary (genetic).

Osteosarcoma tend to grow at the lower end of the femur, or upper end of humerus or upper end of the shin.
The most common symptom is pain. In line with the growth of tumors, can also be a palpable swelling warm and slightly flushed.

Early signs of this disease may be a broken bone called pathological fractures.
This is because the tumor causes brittle bones.

Osteosarcoma usually be diagnosed by imaging tests such as CT Scan or X-ray bone. This type of bone cancer is usually treated with surgery. If there is a spread, chemotherapy can be done.

Chondrosarkoma usually cut in the cells of cartilage (cartilage) patients aged over 50 years.

This type of cancer usually grows slowly and often can be cured only by surgery. However, some of which are invasive and easy to spread.

In the case of chondrosarkoma, surgery performed to remove the entire tumor. Bone cancer is usually not react well to chemotherapy or radiotherapy. If the tumor is removed completely, more than 75% of patients survive. Amputation of arm / leg is usually rare.

Ewing Sarcoma
Ewing Sarcoma appear at puberty, when bones grow very fast. Rarely found in children aged less than 10 years.
Ewing sarcoma most often develops in long bones, pelvis, or chest.
Tumors of this type also are invasive, easily spread to organs such as the lungs.

Symptoms are most often complained of pain, fever and sometimes swelling of the bone. Usually, new patients are diagnosed when the cancer has spread.

Bone cancer treatment is often a combination of: surgery, chemotherapy and radiotherapy.


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